抽象构建器

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英文:

Abstract builder

问题

所以我有一个抽象的Transaction类,它有多个实现(Payment、File)。

我想为Transaction(抽象)+实现者创建一个构建器。

我做了这个:

public abstract class TransactionBuilder
{
	protected final Transaction transaction;
	
	public TransactionBuilder(Transaction transaction)
	{
		this.transaction = transaction;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder setSignature(byte[] signature)
	{
		this.transaction.setSignature(signature);
		return this;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder setPreviousHash(String previousHash)
	{
		this.transaction.setPreviousHash(previousHash);
		return this;
	}
	
	public abstract Transaction build();
}

PaymentBuilder类的示例:

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder
{
	public PaymentBuilder(String from, String to, double amount)
	{
		super(new Payment(from, to, amount));
	}
	
	public PaymentBuilder addAmount(double amount)
	{
		((Payment) this.transaction).amount += amount;
	}
	
	@Override
	public Payment build()
	{
		return (Payment) this.transaction;
	}
}

每个字段都有getter/setter,Transaction类如下:

public abstract class Transaction
{
	//用于序列化
	private String type;
	
	private String previousTransactionHash;
	private String hash;
	private String signature;
	
	private String fromAddress;
	private String toAddress;
	
	private Instant timeStamp;
	
	public Transaction(String type, String from, String to)
	{
		this.type = type;
		this.fromAddress = from;
		this.toAddress = to;
		this.timeStamp = Instant.now();

		setHash();
	}

如何使用:

Payment payment = new PaymentBuilder(from, to, amount)
				.setPreviousHash(previousHash)
				.build();

但是,当我调用setSignature()时,我收到“类型不匹配:无法从Transaction转换为Payment”,所以我需要将其转换为Payment,如何避免这种情况?能避免吗?

英文:

So I have an abstract Transaction class, which has multiple implementations (Payment, File).

I would like to have a builder for the Transaction (abstract) + the implementor.

I did this:

public abstract class TransactionBuilder
{
	protected final Transaction transaction;
	
	public TransactionBuilder(Transaction transaction)
	{
		this.transaction = transaction;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder setSignature(byte[] signature)
	{
		this.transaction.setSignature(signature);
		return this;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder setPreviousHash(String previousHash)
	{
		this.transaction.setPreviousHash(previousHash);
		return this;
	}
	
	public abstract Transaction build();
}

Example for the PaymentBuilder class:

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder
{
	public PaymentBuilder(String from, String to, double amount)
	{
		super(new Payment(from, to, amount));
	}
	
	public PaymentBuilder addAmount(double amount)
	{
		((Payment) this.transaction).amount += amount;
	}
	
	@Override
	public Payment build()
	{
		return (Payment) this.transaction;
	}
}

Every field has a getter/setter, Transaction:

public abstract class Transaction
{
	//Used for serialization
	private String type;
	
	private String previousTransactionHash;
	private String hash;
	private String signature;
	
	private String fromAddress;
	private String toAddress;
	
	private Instant timeStamp;
	
	public Transaction(String type, String from, String to)
	{
		this.type = type;
		this.fromAddress = from;
		this.toAddress = to;
		this.timeStamp = Instant.now();

		setHash();
	}

How I use:

Payment payment = new PaymentBuilder(from, to, amount)
				.setPreviousHash(previousHash)
				.build();

But when I call setSignature() I get "Type mismatch: cannot convert from Transaction to Payment" so I need to cast it to a Payment, how can I avoid that? Can I?

答案1

得分: 1

你可以将你的抽象构建器做成通用的,其中通用类型是它生成的交易类型。

public abstract class TransactionBuilder<T extends Transaction> {
    ...
    public abstract T build();
}

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder<Payment> {
    @Override
    public Payment build() {
        ...
    }
}
英文:

You could make your abstract builder generic, with the generic type being the type of transaction it produces.

public abstract class TransactionBuilder&lt;T extends Transaction&gt; {
    ...
    public abstract T build();
}

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder&lt;Payment&gt; {
    @Override
    public Payment build() {
        ...
    }
}

答案2

得分: 0

感谢 @khelwood,我最终使我的抽象构建器通用化:

TransactionBuilder:

public abstract class TransactionBuilder<T extends Transaction>
{
	protected final T transaction;
	
	public TransactionBuilder(T transaction)
	{
		this.transaction = transaction;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder<T> setSignature(byte[] signature)
	{
		this.transaction.setSignature(signature);
		return this;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder<T> setPreviousHash(String previousHash)
	{
		this.transaction.setPreviousHash(previousHash);
		return this;
	}
	
	public abstract T build();
}

PaymentBuilder:

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder<Payment>
{
	public PaymentBuilder(String from, String to, double amount)
	{
		super(new Payment(from, to, amount));
	}

    public PaymentBuilder addAmount(double amount)
    {
        this.transaction.amount += amount;
    }
	
	@Override
	public Payment build()
	{
		return this.transaction;
	}
}
英文:

Thanks to @khelwood, I ended up making my abstract builder generic:

TransactionBuilder:

public abstract class TransactionBuilder&lt;T extends Transaction&gt;
{
	protected final T transaction;
	
	public TransactionBuilder(T transaction)
	{
		this.transaction = transaction;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder&lt;T&gt; setSignature(byte[] signature)
	{
		this.transaction.setSignature(signature);
		return this;
	}
	
	public TransactionBuilder&lt;T&gt; setPreviousHash(String previousHash)
	{
		this.transaction.setPreviousHash(previousHash);
		return this;
	}
	
	public abstract T build();
}

PaymentBuilder:

public class PaymentBuilder extends TransactionBuilder&lt;Payment&gt;
{
	public PaymentBuilder(String from, String to, double amount)
	{
		super(new Payment(from, to, amount));
	}

    public PaymentBuilder addAmount(double amount)
    {
        this.transaction.amount += amount;
    }
	
	@Override
	public Payment build()
	{
		return this.transaction;
	}
}

huangapple
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年7月30日 01:09:04
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://go.coder-hub.com/63158886.html
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