错误在使用Spring Boot 2和Hibernate初始化entityManagerFactory时发生。

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英文:

Error while initializing entityManagerFactory in Spring Boot 2 with Hibernate

问题

早上好,
我在启动Spring Boot应用程序时遇到了一个问题,原因是Spring Boot无法自动装配EntityManagerFactory bean。

我已经在这里和网络上查看了各种答案,但没有找到解决方案。

配置如下:

<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.3.2.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/>
</parent>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>

这应该还包含了entityManagerFactory bean的实现,通过查看父pom中的依赖项

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
    <artifactId>hibernate-entitymanager</artifactId>
    <version>${hibernate.version}</version>
</dependency>

也存在,所以不应该出现NullPointerException

我在application.properties文件中配置了Hibernate和数据源,如下:

#与数据源相关的属性
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=org.postgresql.Driver
spring.jpa.database=postgresql
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=none
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/sr002
spring.datasource.username=username
spring.datasource.password=password

主要错误是:

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError

Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError: null

在代码中,EntityManager 是通过以下方式调用的:

@PersistenceContext
private EntityManager entityManager;

我真的无法理解为什么会出现问题,如果依赖项在父pom中已经写好了。

编辑

通过深入挖掘,我发现AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.class 中的一个名为jdbc42Apis的参数为空,因此它执行了以下代码行:

JavaVersion.getMajorVersion() >= 1 && JavaVersion.getMinorVersion() >= 8

其中抛出了ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: Index 1 out of bounds for length 1。有人知道这可能来自哪里吗?在互联网上我没有找到任何信息。

完整的堆栈跟踪如下:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.metrics.orm.jpa.HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
...
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
...
Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError: null
...
Caused by: java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: Index 1 out of bounds for length 1
...

希望这能帮助您解决问题。

英文:

Good morning,
I am facing a problem in starting a Spring Boot app due to the fact that the EntityManagerFactory bean could not be autowired by Spring boot.

I already looked at various answers here on SO and over the net but didn't find any solution.

The configuration consists in

&lt;parent&gt;
	&lt;groupId&gt;org.springframework.boot&lt;/groupId&gt;
	&lt;artifactId&gt;spring-boot-starter-parent&lt;/artifactId&gt;
	&lt;version&gt;2.3.2.RELEASE&lt;/version&gt;
	&lt;relativePath/&gt; &lt;!-- lookup parent from repository --&gt;
&lt;/parent&gt;

and

&lt;dependency&gt;
	&lt;groupId&gt;org.springframework.boot&lt;/groupId&gt;
	&lt;artifactId&gt;spring-boot-starter-data-jpa&lt;/artifactId&gt;
&lt;/dependency&gt;

which should contain also the implementation of the entityManagerFactory bean, by looking in the parent pom the dependency

 &lt;dependency&gt;
    &lt;groupId&gt;org.hibernate&lt;/groupId&gt;
    &lt;artifactId&gt;hibernate-entitymanager&lt;/artifactId&gt;
    &lt;version&gt;${hibernate.version}&lt;/version&gt;
 &lt;/dependency&gt;

is present, so it should not be a NullPointerException.

I Configured Hibernate and the Datasource in the application.properties file with

#Datasource related properties
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=org.postgresql.Driver
spring.jpa.database=postgresql
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=none
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/sr002
spring.datasource.username=username
spring.datasource.password=password

principal errors are

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError

and

Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError: null

in the code the Entity Manager is called with:

@PersistenceContext
private EntityManager entityManager;

I can't really figure out why the problem is there if the dependency is written in the parent pom.

EDIT

By digging deeper I found out that a parameter named jdbc42Apis is null in the AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.class and so it goes to execute a line

JavaVersion.getMajorVersion() &gt;= 1 &amp;&amp; JavaVersion.getMinorVersion() &gt;= 8

where is thrown a ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: Index 1 out of bounds for length 1. Someone who knows where this could come from? On the internet I didn't manage to find anything.

Full stack trace is

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name &#39;org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.metrics.orm.jpa.HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration&#39;: Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:405) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1420) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:593) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:516) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:324) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:322) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:897) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:879) ~[spring-context-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:551) ~[spring-context-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:143) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:758) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:750) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1237) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) ~[spring-boot-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at com.entsorgafin.sr002EagleCloud.Sr002EagleCloudApplication.main(Sr002EagleCloudApplication.java:10) ~[classes/:na]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[na:na]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[na:na]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) ~[na:na]
at java.base/java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:564) ~[na:na]
at org.springframework.boot.devtools.restart.RestartLauncher.run(RestartLauncher.java:49) ~[spring-boot-devtools-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Failed to asynchronously initialize native EntityManagerFactory: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.getNativeEntityManagerFactory(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:553) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.invokeProxyMethod(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:497) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean$ManagedEntityManagerFactoryInvocationHandler.invoke(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:680) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy88.unwrap(Unknown Source) ~[na:na]
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.metrics.orm.jpa.HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.bindEntityManagerFactoryToRegistry(HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.java:67) ~[spring-boot-actuator-autoconfigure-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.metrics.orm.jpa.HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.lambda$bindEntityManagerFactoriesToRegistry$0(HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.java:60) ~[spring-boot-actuator-autoconfigure-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at java.base/java.util.LinkedHashMap.forEach(LinkedHashMap.java:723) ~[na:na]
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.metrics.orm.jpa.HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.bindEntityManagerFactoriesToRegistry(HibernateMetricsAutoConfiguration.java:60) ~[spring-boot-actuator-autoconfigure-2.3.2.RELEASE.jar:2.3.2.RELEASE]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[na:na]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[na:na]
at java.base/jdk.internal.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) ~[na:na]
at java.base/java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:564) ~[na:na]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredMethodElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:755) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:130) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:399) ~[spring-beans-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
... 23 common frames omitted
Caused by: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError: null
at org.jadira.usertype.spi.shared.AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.use42Api(AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.java:78) ~[usertype.spi-6.0.1.GA.jar:na]
at org.jadira.usertype.spi.shared.AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.integrate(AbstractUserTypeHibernateIntegrator.java:206) ~[usertype.spi-6.0.1.GA.jar:na]
at org.hibernate.internal.SessionFactoryImpl.&lt;init&gt;(SessionFactoryImpl.java:282) ~[hibernate-core-5.4.18.Final.jar:5.4.18.Final]
at org.hibernate.boot.internal.SessionFactoryBuilderImpl.build(SessionFactoryBuilderImpl.java:469) ~[hibernate-core-5.4.18.Final.jar:5.4.18.Final]
at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.build(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:1259) ~[hibernate-core-5.4.18.Final.jar:5.4.18.Final]
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.SpringHibernateJpaPersistenceProvider.createContainerEntityManagerFactory(SpringHibernateJpaPersistenceProvider.java:58) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.createNativeEntityManagerFactory(LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:365) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.buildNativeEntityManagerFactory(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:391) ~[spring-orm-5.2.8.RELEASE.jar:5.2.8.RELEASE]
at java.base/java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:264) ~[na:na]
at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1130) ~[na:na]
at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:630) ~[na:na]
at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:832) ~[na:na]
Caused by: java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: Index 1 out of bounds for length 1
at org.jadira.usertype.spi.utils.runtime.JavaVersion.&lt;clinit&gt;(JavaVersion.java:16) ~[usertype.spi-6.0.1.GA.jar:na]
... 12 common frames omitted

答案1

得分: 1

我在使用Java 15的首个版本(docker镜像adoptopenjdk/openjdk15:jdk-15_36-alpine-slim)时遇到了同样的问题。

org.jadira.usertype.spi.utils.runtime.JavaVersion 中,Jadira 期望一个包含两个位置的数组:

MAJOR_VERSION = Integer.parseInt(versions[0]);
MINOR_VERSION = Integer.parseInt(versions[1]);

但在那个版本中,它返回的是一个只有一个元素的数组:[15]

将Java版本升级到15.0.2解决了这个问题(docker镜像adoptopenjdk/openjdk15:jdk-15.0.2_7-alpine-slim)。

英文:

I had the same problem while using the first release of Java 15 (docker image adoptopenjdk/openjdk15:jdk-15_36-alpine-slim).

At org.jadira.usertype.spi.utils.runtime.JavaVersion Jadira is expecting an array with two positions:

MAJOR_VERSION = Integer.parseInt(versions[0]);
MINOR_VERSION = Integer.parseInt(versions[1]);

But in that release it returns an array with only one element: [15].

Upgrading the java version to 15.0.2 solved the problem (docker image adoptopenjdk/openjdk15:jdk-15.0.2_7-alpine-slim)

答案2

得分: 1

确保你的Java 17版本类似于 openjdk version "17.0.2",而不是 jdk-17.jdk

英文:

For Java 17 make sure your java version is something like openjdk version &quot;17.0.2&quot; and not jdk-17.jdk

huangapple
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年7月29日 16:07:55
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://go.coder-hub.com/63149111.html
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