Illegal ArgumentException: "No available camera can be found" in CameraProcessProvider.bindToLifecycle for Nexus 6

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英文:

Illegal ArgumentException: "No available camera can be found" in CameraProcessProvider.bindToLifecycle for Nexus 6

问题

# 问题:
我遇到以下错误:

> java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: 找不到可用的相机。

在调用实例方法ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle()时发生。请在以下代码中查找“------ 代码在这里崩溃 --------------”来查看上下文。

# 问题:
如何防止此错误以及应用程序后续崩溃?更具体地说,如何确保CameraSelector可以为Nexus 6返回一个相机实例?

# 假设

似乎在此调用中使用的CameraSelector存在问题。如果我在bindToLifecycle行上设置断点,并在那一点上进行调试,并添加一个`cameraProvider.hasCamera(cameraSelector)`的观察,它会返回false。也许在调用bindToLifecycle方法之前,这不打算返回true。如果是这样,我如何验证cameraSelector对象是否已成功创建(成功意味着它指向一个实际的相机对象)?

在创建cameraSelector对象时,我在构建器中使用了[requireLensFacing](https://developer.android.com/reference/androidx/camera/core/CameraSelector.Builder#requireLensFacing(int))方法,因此似乎Nexus 6硬件没有为这些LENS_FACING_BACK或LENS_FACING_FRONT标记任何内容,因此不会返回任何相机实例?我是否理解正确?

我应该注意到当在Nexus 5上运行完全相同的代码时,不会发生此错误,这就是为什么我倾向于认为这是一个硬件问题的原因。

我还尝试了LENS_FACING_FRONT int,但出现了相同的错误。如果完全删除requireLensFacing构建组件,我会得到不同的错误:

> java.util.NoSuchElementException

## 代码

```java
package jp.oist.cameraxapp;

import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.annotation.Nullable;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.camera.core.Camera;
import androidx.camera.core.CameraSelector;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageAnalysis;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageCapture;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageProxy;
import androidx.camera.core.Preview;
import androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider;
import androidx.camera.view.PreviewView;
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
import androidx.lifecycle.LifecycleOwner;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.util.Size;

import com.google.common.util.concurrent.ListenableFuture;

import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ListenableFuture<ProcessCameraProvider> cameraProviderFuture;
    private ExecutorService executor;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        executor = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();

        PreviewView previewView = findViewById(R.id.previewView);

        cameraProviderFuture = ProcessCameraProvider.getInstance(this);

        cameraProviderFuture.addListener(() -> {
            try {
                // Camera provider is now guaranteed to be available
                ProcessCameraProvider cameraProvider = cameraProviderFuture.get();

                // Set up the view finder use case to display camera preview
                Preview preview = new Preview.Builder().build();

                // Choose the camera by requiring a lens facing
                CameraSelector cameraSelector = new CameraSelector.Builder()
                        .requireLensFacing(CameraSelector.LENS_FACING_BACK)
                        .build();

                // Connect the preview use case to the previewView
                preview.setSurfaceProvider(
                        previewView.createSurfaceProvider());

                // Set up the capture use case to allow users to take photos
                ImageCapture imageCapture = new ImageCapture.Builder()
                        .setCaptureMode(ImageCapture.CAPTURE_MODE_MINIMIZE_LATENCY)
                        .build();

                ImageAnalysis imageAnalysis =
                        new ImageAnalysis.Builder()
                                .build();

                imageAnalysis.setAnalyzer(executor, new ImageAnalysis.Analyzer() {
                    @Override
                    public void analyze(@NonNull ImageProxy image) {
                        int rotationDegrees = image.getImageInfo().getRotationDegrees();
                        Log.i("CameraXApp3", "Image Analyzed");
                        image.close();
                    }
                });

                // Attach use cases to the camera with the same lifecycle owner
                // ------ Code Crashes Here --------------
                Camera camera = cameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(
                        ((LifecycleOwner) this),
                        cameraSelector,
                        preview,
                        imageCapture);

            } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
                // Currently no exceptions thrown. cameraProviderFuture.get() should
                // not block since the listener is being called, so no need to
                // handle InterruptedException.
            }
        }, ContextCompat.getMainExecutor(this));
    }

}

完整的IllegalArgumentException周围的logcat

2020-07-29 13:31:57.954 7345-7345/? E/Finsky: [2] VerifyPerSourceInstallationConsentInstallTask.b(2): Package name null is not an installed package
2020-07-29 13:31:59.660 462-877/? E/cutils: Failed to open(/data/misc/profiles/cur/0/jp.oist.cameraxapp/primary.prof): No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:31:59.660 462-877/? E/installed: Failed to prepare /data/misc/profiles/cur/0/jp.oist.cameraxapp/primary.prof: No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:31:59.661 729-756/? E/ArtManagerService: Failed to prepare profile for jp.oist.cameraxapp:/data/app/jp.oist.cameraxapp-HSYslGAf7kOyD4tEcVKEkw==/base.apk
2020-07-29 13:32:00.305 462-877/? E/installd: Failed to delete /data/app/vmdl841803495.tmp: No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:32:00.846 729-729/? E/LoadedApk: Unable to instantiate appComponentFactory
    java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn't find class "androidx.core.app.CoreComponentFactory" on path: DexPathList[[],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/lib/arm, /data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/base.apk!/lib/armeabi-v7a, /system/lib, /system/vendor/lib]]
        at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:134)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:379)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.load

<details>
<summary>英文:</summary>

# Issue:
I am getting the following error:

&gt; java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: No available camera can be found.

when calling and instance method ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(). See this in the context of the code below by searching for &quot;------ Code Crashes Here --------------&quot;.

# Question:
How do I prevent this error and subsequent crashing of the app? More specifically, how do I ensure the CameraSelector can return a camera instance for the Nexus 6? 

# Hypothesis

It appears there is something wrong with the CameraSelector used in this call. If I set a breakpoint on the bindToLifecycle line, and debug up to that point and add a watch for `cameraProvider.hasCamera(cameraSelector) it returns false. Maybe this is not intended to return true until the bindToLifecycle method has been called. If so, how can I verify the cameraSelector object has been created sucessfully (successfully meaning it points to an actual camera object)? 

In the creation of the cameraSelector object, I use the [requireLensFacing](https://developer.android.com/reference/androidx/camera/core/CameraSelector.Builder#requireLensFacing(int)) method in the builder, so it appears the Nexus 6 hardware does not tag anything with these LENS_FACING_BACK or LENS_FACING_FRONT and therefore does not return any camera instance? Do I understand this correctly? 

I should note that this error did not occur when the exact same code was run on a Nexus 5, which is why I am inclined to think it is a hardware issue. 

I also tried the LENS_FACING_FRONT int, but had the same error. If I remove the requireLensFacing build component altogether I get a different error:

&gt;java.util.NoSuchElementException

## Code

```java
package jp.oist.cameraxapp;

import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.annotation.Nullable;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.camera.core.Camera;
import androidx.camera.core.CameraSelector;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageAnalysis;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageCapture;
import androidx.camera.core.ImageProxy;
import androidx.camera.core.Preview;
import androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider;
import androidx.camera.view.PreviewView;
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
import androidx.lifecycle.LifecycleOwner;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.util.Size;

import com.google.common.util.concurrent.ListenableFuture;

import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ListenableFuture&lt;ProcessCameraProvider&gt; cameraProviderFuture;
    private ExecutorService executor;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        executor = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();

        PreviewView previewView = findViewById(R.id.previewView);

        cameraProviderFuture = ProcessCameraProvider.getInstance(this);

        cameraProviderFuture.addListener(() -&gt; {
            try {
                // Camera provider is now guaranteed to be available
                ProcessCameraProvider cameraProvider = cameraProviderFuture.get();

                // Set up the view finder use case to display camera preview
                Preview preview = new Preview.Builder().build();

                // Choose the camera by requiring a lens facing
                CameraSelector cameraSelector = new CameraSelector.Builder()
                        .requireLensFacing(CameraSelector.LENS_FACING_BACK)
                        .build();

                // Connect the preview use case to the previewView
                preview.setSurfaceProvider(
                        previewView.createSurfaceProvider());

                // Set up the capture use case to allow users to take photos
                ImageCapture imageCapture = new ImageCapture.Builder()
                        .setCaptureMode(ImageCapture.CAPTURE_MODE_MINIMIZE_LATENCY)
                        .build();

                ImageAnalysis imageAnalysis =
                        new ImageAnalysis.Builder()
                                .build();

                imageAnalysis.setAnalyzer(executor, new ImageAnalysis.Analyzer() {
                    @Override
                    public void analyze(@NonNull ImageProxy image) {
                        int rotationDegrees = image.getImageInfo().getRotationDegrees();
                        Log.i(&quot;CameraXApp3&quot;, &quot;Image Analyzed&quot;);
                        image.close();
                    }
                });

                // Attach use cases to the camera with the same lifecycle owner
                // ------ Code Crashes Here --------------
                Camera camera = cameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(
                        ((LifecycleOwner) this),
                        cameraSelector,
                        preview,
                        imageCapture);

            } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
                // Currently no exceptions thrown. cameraProviderFuture.get() should
                // not block since the listener is being called, so no need to
                // handle InterruptedException.
            }
        }, ContextCompat.getMainExecutor(this));
    }

}

Full logcat surrounding the IllegalArgumentException

2020-07-29 13:31:57.954 7345-7345/? E/Finsky: [2] VerifyPerSourceInstallationConsentInstallTask.b(2): Package name null is not an installed package
2020-07-29 13:31:59.660 462-877/? E/cutils: Failed to open(/data/misc/profiles/cur/0/jp.oist.cameraxapp/primary.prof): No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:31:59.660 462-877/? E/installed: Failed to prepare /data/misc/profiles/cur/0/jp.oist.cameraxapp/primary.prof: No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:31:59.661 729-756/? E/ArtManagerService: Failed to prepare profile for jp.oist.cameraxapp:/data/app/jp.oist.cameraxapp-HSYslGAf7kOyD4tEcVKEkw==/base.apk
2020-07-29 13:32:00.305 462-877/? E/installd: Failed to delete /data/app/vmdl841803495.tmp: No such file or directory
2020-07-29 13:32:00.846 729-729/? E/LoadedApk: Unable to instantiate appComponentFactory
java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn&#39;t find class &quot;androidx.core.app.CoreComponentFactory&quot; on path: DexPathList[[],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/lib/arm, /data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/base.apk!/lib/armeabi-v7a, /system/lib, /system/vendor/lib]]
at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:134)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:379)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:312)
at android.app.LoadedApk.createAppFactory(LoadedApk.java:226)
at android.app.LoadedApk.updateApplicationInfo(LoadedApk.java:338)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleDispatchPackageBroadcast(ActivityThread.java:5441)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1740)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:193)
at com.android.server.SystemServer.run(SystemServer.java:500)
at com.android.server.SystemServer.main(SystemServer.java:322)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:495)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:839)
2020-07-29 13:32:00.847 729-729/? E/LoadedApk: Unable to instantiate appComponentFactory
java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn&#39;t find class &quot;androidx.core.app.CoreComponentFactory&quot; on path: DexPathList[[],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/lib/arm, /data/app/sk.baka.aedict3-FT98hpKmmu7AEcH7jl4_Lw==/base.apk!/lib/armeabi-v7a, /system/lib, /system/vendor/lib]]
at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:134)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:379)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:312)
at android.app.LoadedApk.createAppFactory(LoadedApk.java:226)
at android.app.LoadedApk.updateApplicationInfo(LoadedApk.java:338)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleDispatchPackageBroadcast(ActivityThread.java:5441)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1740)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:193)
at com.android.server.SystemServer.run(SystemServer.java:500)
at com.android.server.SystemServer.main(SystemServer.java:322)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:495)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:839)
2020-07-29 13:32:02.251 11105-11105/jp.oist.cameraxapp E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
Process: jp.oist.cameraxapp, PID: 11105
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: No available camera can be found.
at androidx.camera.core.CameraSelector.filter(CameraSelector.java:100)
at androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(ProcessCameraProvider.java:389)
at androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(ProcessCameraProvider.java:275)
at jp.oist.cameraxapp.MainActivity.lambda$onCreate$0$MainActivity(MainActivity.java:80)
at jp.oist.cameraxapp.-$$Lambda$MainActivity$N0aObN0KVyRMowRsss_pmN8BZ44.run(Unknown Source:4)
at android.os.Handler.handleCallback(Handler.java:873)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:193)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6698)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:495)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:859)
2020-07-29 13:32:02.367 2459-9800/ch.deletescape.lawnchair.ci E/pe.lawnchair.c: Failed to open APK &#39;/data/app/jp.oist.cameraxapp-bhz9WJnVll-cJYJKM51yGg==/base.apk&#39; I/O error
2020-07-29 13:32:02.368 2459-9800/ch.deletescape.lawnchair.ci E/ResourcesManager: failed to add asset path /data/app/jp.oist.cameraxapp-bhz9WJnVll-cJYJKM51yGg==/base.apk

Full logcat surrounding the NoSuchElementException

2020-07-29 13:31:22.712 10962-10962/jp.oist.cameraxapp E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
Process: jp.oist.cameraxapp, PID: 10962
java.util.NoSuchElementException
at java.util.LinkedHashMap$LinkedHashIterator.nextNode(LinkedHashMap.java:759)
at java.util.LinkedHashMap$LinkedKeyIterator.next(LinkedHashMap.java:780)
at androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(ProcessCameraProvider.java:415)
at androidx.camera.lifecycle.ProcessCameraProvider.bindToLifecycle(ProcessCameraProvider.java:275)
at jp.oist.cameraxapp.MainActivity.lambda$onCreate$0$MainActivity(MainActivity.java:79)
at jp.oist.cameraxapp.-$$Lambda$MainActivity$N0aObN0KVyRMowRsss_pmN8BZ44.run(Unknown Source:4)
at android.os.Handler.handleCallback(Handler.java:873)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:193)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6698)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:495)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:859)
2020-07-29 13:31:22.758 382-382/? E/lowmemorykiller: Error writing /proc/10962/oom_score_adj; errno=22

Edit1:

Tested standard camera app on the Nexus 6 and found that it also crashed. This pointed to a HAL issue presented by a commenter. Restarted the Nexus 6 in an effort to fix the HAL. Now logcat presents a whole new set of errors, but I will save that for a seperate question if I cannot resolve them on my own.

答案1

得分: 7

使用LENS_FACING_FRONTLENS_FACING_BACK都没有找到可用的摄像头,似乎设备上没有可用于使用的摄像头,这可能有时是由于HAL崩溃引起的,可能需要重新启动设备以使HAL再次正常运行。

您应该检查原生相机应用程序(或任何其他相机应用程序)是否在Nexus 6设备上工作。如果它们不工作,那么您将知道问题出在摄像头HAL上。

英文:

With both LENS_FACING_FRONT and LENS_FACING_BACK resulting in a no available camera can be found, it seems as though no cameras on the device are available for use, this may be caused at times by a HAL crash, and might require a device reboot for the HAL to function correctly again.

You should check the native camera app (or any other camera app for that matter) to see if they are working on the nexus 6 device. If they aren't, then you'll know the issue is in the camera HAL.

huangapple
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年7月29日 12:43:26
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://go.coder-hub.com/63146480.html
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