“Netbeans Java中的设计预览与运行时设计不同”

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英文:

Preview design in Netbeans Java is different from runtime design

问题

这是一个关于使用Netbeans Java IDE开发项目时预览设计与运行时设计不一致的问题的描述。在上面的图片中,顶部是预览设计的图片,我希望最终的结果是这样的。而底部是运行时设计的图片,正如你所看到的,与顶部的设计非常不同。我已经尝试了各种方法,确保先编译代码,然后再运行,但结果每次都不同。如果你知道如何解决这个问题,请告诉我,这将对我的项目非常有帮助,非常感谢。

此外,以下是与问题相关的Java代码:

public class mainpage extends javax.swing.JFrame {
    public mainpage() {
        initComponents();
    }

    private void initComponents() {
        // ... 省略了一些初始化代码 ...
    }

    private void jComboBox1ActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
        // TODO add your handling code here:
    }

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        /* 设置外观和感觉(Look and Feel) */
        try {
            for (javax.swing.UIManager.LookAndFeelInfo info : javax.swing.UIManager.getInstalledLookAndFeels()) {
                if ("Nimbus".equals(info.getName())) {
                    javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(info.getClassName());
                    break;
                }
            }
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (InstantiationException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (javax.swing.UnsupportedLookAndFeelException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }

        /* 创建并显示窗体 */
        java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                new mainpage().setVisible(true);
            }
        });
    }

    // ... 省略了其他变量声明 ...
}

希望这可以帮助你解决问题。如果你需要更多的帮助,请告诉我。

英文:

“Netbeans Java中的设计预览与运行时设计不同”

Hi this is driving me crazy, I'm working on a project using Netbeans Java IDE and one problem I keep facing is that the preview design is drastically different from the runtime design. I do not know why this keeps happening, I have included both pictures for your references. On top is the picture of the preview design which is what I want the end result to be and below is the runtime design which as you can see is very different from the one on top. I've tried everything and I make sure to compile the code first and then press run, still, the result is different every time. If you know of how to solve this problem do let me know it will help me a lot in my project, thank you so much.

“Netbeans Java中的设计预览与运行时设计不同”

(Edited) In case you want the code for you to see for yourself:

    public class mainpage extends javax.swing.JFrame {
/**
* Creates new form mainpage
*/
public mainpage() {
initComponents();
}
/**
* This method is called from within the constructor to initialize the form.
* WARNING: Do NOT modify this code. The content of this method is always
* regenerated by the Form Editor.
*/
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
// <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Generated Code">                          
private void initComponents() {
jPanel1 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
jLabel1 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jLabel2 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jLabel3 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jLabel4 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jLabel5 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jPanel2 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
jLabel6 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jLabel7 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jPanel3 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
jLabel8 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jComboBox1 = new javax.swing.JComboBox<>();
jLabel9 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jTextField1 = new javax.swing.JTextField();
jLabel10 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jTextField2 = new javax.swing.JTextField();
jLabel11 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
jTextField3 = new javax.swing.JTextField();
jButton1 = new javax.swing.JButton();
setDefaultCloseOperation(javax.swing.WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
setUndecorated(true);
jPanel1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 102));
jLabel1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel1.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
jLabel1.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel1.setText("Dispatch item");
jLabel2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel2.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
jLabel2.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel2.setText("Stock");
jLabel3.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel3.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
jLabel3.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel3.setText("View records");
jLabel4.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel4.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
jLabel4.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel4.setText("Home");
jLabel5.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 2, 18)); // NOI18N
jLabel5.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(51, 51, 255));
jLabel5.setText("Giving.sg");
javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel1Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel1);
jPanel1.setLayout(jPanel1Layout);
jPanel1Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addContainerGap(40, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING)
.addComponent(jLabel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 173, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jLabel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 173, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addComponent(jLabel4, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 129, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jLabel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 129, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jLabel5)))
.addGap(27, 27, 27))
);
jPanel1Layout.setVerticalGroup(
jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addGap(26, 26, 26)
.addComponent(jLabel5)
.addGap(72, 72, 72)
.addComponent(jLabel4, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 46, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(12, 12, 12)
.addComponent(jLabel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 46, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(18, 18, 18)
.addComponent(jLabel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 46, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(12, 12, 12)
.addComponent(jLabel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 46, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addContainerGap(javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE))
);
jPanel2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 102, 102));
jPanel2.setPreferredSize(new java.awt.Dimension(750, 100));
jLabel6.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Noto Sans Javanese", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
jLabel6.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
jLabel6.setText("Stock management system for covid-19 essentials");
javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel2Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel2);
jPanel2.setLayout(jPanel2Layout);
jPanel2Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addContainerGap(javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addComponent(jLabel6)
.addGap(107, 107, 107))
);
jPanel2Layout.setVerticalGroup(
jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addContainerGap(20, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addComponent(jLabel6)
.addContainerGap())
);
jLabel7.setFont(new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 1, 20)); // NOI18N
jLabel7.setText("Dispatch item");
jPanel3.setBorder(javax.swing.BorderFactory.createTitledBorder(null, "Dispatch Item", javax.swing.border.TitledBorder.DEFAULT_JUSTIFICATION, javax.swing.border.TitledBorder.DEFAULT_POSITION, new java.awt.Font("Tahoma", 0, 18))); // NOI18N
jLabel8.setText("Item type");
jComboBox1.setModel(new javax.swing.DefaultComboBoxModel<>(new String[] { "Masks", "Face Shields", "Gloves", "Hand Sanitiser", "Wet Tissues" }));
jComboBox1.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
jComboBox1ActionPerformed(evt);
}
});
jLabel9.setText("Item name");
jLabel10.setText("Quantity");
jLabel11.setText("Dispatch to which row");
jButton1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 0, 0));
jButton1.setText("DISPATCH");
javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel3Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel3);
jPanel3.setLayout(jPanel3Layout);
jPanel3Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addContainerGap()
.addComponent(jComboBox1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 141, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(37, 37, 37)
.addComponent(jTextField1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 140, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(44, 44, 44)
.addComponent(jTextField2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 140, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED, 41, Short.MAX_VALUE))
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addGap(53, 53, 53)
.addComponent(jLabel8)
.addGap(108, 108, 108)
.addComponent(jLabel9)
.addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addComponent(jLabel10)
.addGap(88, 88, 88)))
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addComponent(jTextField3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 140, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jLabel11))
.addGap(15, 15, 15))
.addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addGap(0, 0, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addComponent(jButton1)
.addGap(32, 32, 32))
);
jPanel3Layout.setVerticalGroup(
jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addContainerGap()
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.BASELINE)
.addComponent(jLabel8)
.addComponent(jLabel9)
.addComponent(jLabel10)
.addComponent(jLabel11))
.addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
.addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.BASELINE)
.addComponent(jComboBox1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jTextField1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jTextField2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jTextField3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE))
.addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
.addComponent(jButton1)
.addContainerGap(10, Short.MAX_VALUE))
);
javax.swing.GroupLayout layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(getContentPane());
getContentPane().setLayout(layout);
layout.setHorizontalGroup(
layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addGroup(layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(45, 45, 45)
.addGroup(layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addComponent(jLabel7))
.addContainerGap(javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE))
.addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, 1038, Short.MAX_VALUE)
);
layout.setVerticalGroup(
layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
.addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
.addGroup(layout.createSequentialGroup()
.addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 75, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(43, 43, 43)
.addComponent(jLabel7)
.addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.UNRELATED)
.addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
.addGap(0, 321, Short.MAX_VALUE))
);
pack();
}// </editor-fold>                        
private void jComboBox1ActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {                                           
// TODO add your handling code here:
}                                          
/**
* @param args the command line arguments
*/
public static void main(String args[]) {
/* Set the Nimbus look and feel */
//<editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc=" Look and feel setting code (optional) ">
/* If Nimbus (introduced in Java SE 6) is not available, stay with the default look and feel.
* For details see http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/uiswing/lookandfeel/plaf.html 
*/
try {
for (javax.swing.UIManager.LookAndFeelInfo info : javax.swing.UIManager.getInstalledLookAndFeels()) {
if ("Nimbus".equals(info.getName())) {
javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(info.getClassName());
break;
}
}
} catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
} catch (InstantiationException ex) {
java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
} catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
} catch (javax.swing.UnsupportedLookAndFeelException ex) {
java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(mainpage.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
}
//</editor-fold>
/* Create and display the form */
java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
public void run() {
new mainpage().setVisible(true);
}
});
}
// Variables declaration - do not modify                     
private javax.swing.JButton jButton1;
private javax.swing.JComboBox<String> jComboBox1;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel1;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel10;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel11;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel2;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel3;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel4;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel5;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel6;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel7;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel8;
private javax.swing.JLabel jLabel9;
private javax.swing.JPanel jPanel1;
private javax.swing.JPanel jPanel2;
private javax.swing.JPanel jPanel3;
private javax.swing.JTextField jTextField1;
private javax.swing.JTextField jTextField2;
private javax.swing.JTextField jTextField3;
// End of variables declaration                   
}

答案1

得分: 1

Netbeans会根据您系统的外观设置,默认显示预览。

如果您想查看不同的外观,请选择设计视图 -> 转到导航器 -> 右键单击[JFrame] -> 预览设计 -> Nimbus

解释:Netbeans将您的绘图保存在一个.xml文件中。如果您转到您的src目录 -> 您类的包,应该有一个mainframe.form文件。因为预览不执行原始的java文件,它只从xml文件准备预览,所以无法确定您在java代码中使用了什么'外观'。

如果您编写任何更改Swing组件的代码,这些更改也不会在设计预览中反映出来。

有关更多详细信息,请访问:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6607906/how-to-change-the-look-and-feel-in-netbeans-gui-designer-preview

如果您使用Netbeans,我的建议是展开您的java文件中的Generated Code,观察生成的代码,这是您快速学习Swing的方式。

英文:

Issue is, Netbeans is showing preview, based on your system look and feel, by default.

If you want to see different look and feel, Select Design view -> Go to Navigator -> Right click on [JFrame] -> Preview Design -> Nimbus

Screenshot

Explanation: Netbeans keeps your drawing in a .xml file. If you go to your src dir -> package of your class, there should be a mainframe.form file. As because preview does not execute the original java file, it only prepares the preview from the xml file, it is not possible to identify what 'Look and Feel' you have used in your java code.

If you write any code to change swing components, that change also won't reflect in the design preview.

For more details:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6607906/how-to-change-the-look-and-feel-in-netbeans-gui-designer-preview

If you use Netbeans, my suggestion is, expand the Generated Code in your java file, and observe, what code is generated against your drawing. This is how you can learn swing quickly.

huangapple
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年7月29日 04:05:36
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://go.coder-hub.com/63141975.html
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