AnnotationException: 无法映射集合

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英文:

AnnotationException: Unable to map collection

问题

Class Cart:

@Data
@Entity
@IdClass(Cart.CartId.class)
@Table(name = "cart_products")
public class Cart {

    @NoArgsConstructor
    @AllArgsConstructor
    static class CartId implements Serializable {

        private Long orderIds;

        private Long drinkIds;
    }

    // Fields
    //
    @Id
    private Long orderIds;

    @Id
    private Long drinkIds;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "order_id", referencedColumnName = "id")
    private Order order;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "drink_id", referencedColumnName = "id")
    private Drink drink;

    private int count;
}

Class Order:

@Entity
@Table(name = "pg_order")
public class Order {

    // Fields
    //
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue
    private Long id;

    private String address;

    @Column(name = "phone_number")
    private String phoneNumber;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.TIMESTAMP)
    @Column(name = "date_order")
    private Date dateOrder;

    @Enumerated(EnumType.STRING)
    @Column(name = "order_status")
    private OrderStatus orderStatus;

    @Column(name = "total_cost")
    private BigDecimal totalCost;

    // Relationships
    //
    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "user_id")
    private User user;

    @OneToMany
    @JoinColumns({
            @JoinColumn(name = "order_id", referencedColumnName = "order_id"),
            @JoinColumn(name = "drink_id", referencedColumnName = "drink_id")
    })
    private Set<Cart> cart;
}

ERRORS:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'countriesRepository' defined in ru.coffeetearea.repository.catalog.CountriesRepository defined in @EnableJpaRepositories declared on JpaRepositoriesRegistrar.EnableJpaRepositoriesConfiguration: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'jpaMappingContext' while setting bean property 'mappingContext'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'jpaMappingContext': Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.hibernate.AnnotationException: Unable to map collection ru.coffeetearea.model.Order.cart
英文:

I am writing an online store using Spring Boot and hiberbate. I have an Order class where I need a Сart link with relationhip @OneToMany. I created all tables and created all the fields I needed. Added links to Java-code but still throws an error. I can't understand what's the matter.
I can't figure out where I made a mistake in the mapping. Could this error be related to something else?

Class Cart:

@Data
@Entity
@IdClass(Cart.CartId.class)
@Table(name = &quot;cart_products&quot;)
public class Cart {

    @NoArgsConstructor
    @AllArgsConstructor
    static class CartId implements Serializable {

        private Long orderIds;

        private Long drinkIds;
    }


    // Fields
    //
    @Id
    private Long orderIds;

    @Id
    private Long drinkIds;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = &quot;order_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;id&quot;)
    private Order order;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = &quot;drink_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;id&quot;)
    private Drink drink;

    private int count;
}

Class Order:

@Entity
@Table(name = &quot;pg_order&quot;)
public class Order {

    // Fields
    //
    private @Id
    @GeneratedValue
    Long id;

    private String address;

    @Column(name = &quot;phone_number&quot;)
    private String phoneNumber;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.TIMESTAMP)
    @Column(name = &quot;date_order&quot;)
    private Date dateOrder;

    @Enumerated(EnumType.STRING)
    @Column(name = &quot;order_status&quot;)
    private OrderStatus orderStatus;

    @Column(name = &quot;total_cost&quot;)
    private BigDecimal totalCost;

    // Relationships
    //
    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = &quot;user_id&quot;)
    private User user;

    @OneToMany
    @JoinColumns({
            @JoinColumn(name = &quot;order_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;order_id&quot;),
            @JoinColumn(name = &quot;drink_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;drink_id&quot;)
    })
    private Set&lt;Cart&gt; cart;
}

AnnotationException: 无法映射集合

AnnotationException: 无法映射集合

ERRORS:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name &#39;countriesRepository&#39; defined in ru.coffeetearea.repository.catalog.CountriesRepository defined in @EnableJpaRepositories declared on JpaRepositoriesRegistrar.EnableJpaRepositoriesConfiguration: Cannot resolve reference to bean &#39;jpaMappingContext&#39; while setting bean property &#39;mappingContext&#39;; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name &#39;jpaMappingContext&#39;: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.hibernate.AnnotationException: Unable to map collection ru.coffeetearea.model.Order.cart
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveReference(BeanDefinitionValueResolver.java:342) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveValueIfNecessary(BeanDefinitionValueResolver.java:113) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyPropertyValues(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1699) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1444) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:594) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBeansOfType(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:621) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBeansOfType(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:609) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.data.repository.config.DeferredRepositoryInitializationListener.onApplicationEvent(DeferredRepositoryInitializationListener.java:51) ~[spring-data-commons-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.data.repository.config.DeferredRepositoryInitializationListener.onApplicationEvent(DeferredRepositoryInitializationListener.java:36) ~[spring-data-commons-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.doInvokeListener(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:172) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.invokeListener(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:165) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.event.SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.multicastEvent(SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster.java:139) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.publishEvent(AbstractApplicationContext.java:404) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.publishEvent(AbstractApplicationContext.java:361) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishRefresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:898) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:554) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:143) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:758) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:750) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1237) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at ru.coffeetearea.CoffeeTearea.main(CoffeeTearea.java:12) ~[main/:na]
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name &#39;jpaMappingContext&#39;: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.hibernate.AnnotationException: Unable to map collection ru.coffeetearea.model.Order.cart
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1796) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:595) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveReference(BeanDefinitionValueResolver.java:330) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	... 28 common frames omitted
Caused by: org.hibernate.AnnotationException: Unable to map collection ru.coffeetearea.model.Order.cart
	at org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.CollectionBinder.bindCollectionSecondPass(CollectionBinder.java:1690) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.CollectionBinder.bindOneToManySecondPass(CollectionBinder.java:929) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.CollectionBinder.bindStarToManySecondPass(CollectionBinder.java:845) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.CollectionBinder$1.secondPass(CollectionBinder.java:784) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.CollectionSecondPass.doSecondPass(CollectionSecondPass.java:53) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.boot.internal.InFlightMetadataCollectorImpl.processSecondPasses(InFlightMetadataCollectorImpl.java:1705) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.boot.internal.InFlightMetadataCollectorImpl.processSecondPasses(InFlightMetadataCollectorImpl.java:1654) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.boot.model.process.spi.MetadataBuildingProcess.complete(MetadataBuildingProcess.java:281) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.metadata(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:1217) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.build(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:1248) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.SpringHibernateJpaPersistenceProvider.createContainerEntityManagerFactory(SpringHibernateJpaPersistenceProvider.java:58) ~[spring-orm-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.createNativeEntityManagerFactory(LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:365) ~[spring-orm-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.buildNativeEntityManagerFactory(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:391) ~[spring-orm-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at java.base/java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:264) ~[na:na]
	at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1128) ~[na:na]
	at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:628) ~[na:na]
	at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:834) ~[na:na]
Caused by: org.hibernate.cfg.RecoverableException: Unable to find column with logical name: order_id in org.hibernate.mapping.Table(pg_order) and its related supertables and secondary tables
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Ejb3JoinColumn.checkReferencedColumnsType(Ejb3JoinColumn.java:832) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.BinderHelper.createSyntheticPropertyReference(BinderHelper.java:256) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	at org.hibernate.cfg.annotations.CollectionBinder.bindCollectionSecondPass(CollectionBinder.java:1680) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	... 16 common frames omitted
Caused by: org.hibernate.MappingException: Unable to find column with logical name: order_id in org.hibernate.mapping.Table(pg_order) and its related supertables and secondary tables
	at org.hibernate.cfg.Ejb3JoinColumn.checkReferencedColumnsType(Ejb3JoinColumn.java:827) ~[hibernate-core-6.0.0.Alpha5.jar:6.0.0.Alpha5]
	... 18 common frames omitted

答案1

得分: 2

你这里的映射有误:

@OneToMany
@JoinColumns({
    @JoinColumn(name = "order_id", referencedColumnName = "order_id"),
    @JoinColumn(name = "drink_id", referencedColumnName = "drink_id")
})
private Set<Cart> cart;

你说在OrderCart表格上都有order_iddrink_id列,但事实并非如此。

实际上,由于你在子实体(@ManyToOne所在的地方)定义了映射,你可以在父实体上简单地引用该映射:

@OneToMany(mappedBy = "order")
private Set<Cart> cart;
英文:

Your mapping is wrong here:

@OneToMany
@JoinColumns({
@JoinColumn(name = &quot;order_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;order_id&quot;),
@JoinColumn(name = &quot;drink_id&quot;, referencedColumnName = &quot;drink_id&quot;)
})
private Set&lt;Cart&gt; cart;

You're saying that there is both on Order and Cart table a order_id and drink_id column, which is not the case.

Actually since you have the mapping defined on the child side (where @ManyToOne resides), you can simply refer to that mapping on the parent side:

@OneToMany(mappedBy = &quot;order&quot;)
private Set&lt;Cart&gt; cart;

huangapple
  • 本文由 发表于 2020年7月28日 15:27:02
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://go.coder-hub.com/63129013.html
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